February 17, 2004, 9:44 AM — ISPs (Internet service providers) are calling for the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) to investigate Telstra Corp. Ltd.'s latest cut-price ADSL broadband product offering, pointing out the $29.95 retail price tag is in fact higher than the cost of porting a customer on the telco's wholesale network.
This call follows Telstra's announcement that it would offer its retail BigPond customers new entry-level broadband plans across both its ADSL and cable services from the end of February for just A$29.95 (US$23.70). The plans, which are available on a 12-month contract, include 200M bytes of downloads a month and are based on 256K bps/64K bps access speeds.
Although the new plans look like a win for consumers, ISPs competing against the telco giant are upset, saying the retail pricing undercuts the telco's broadband wholesale charges per user.
Commenting on Telstra's price cut to ARN, iiNet managing director, Michael Malone, said the cost of a wholesale ADSL port (also referred to as end-user access fees) from Telstra equated to about $30 per user.
"That excludes all other costs, such as aggregated virtual circuit (AGVC), transmission, bandwidth, hardware, servers, support, sales costs and overheads," he said.
For example, ISPs providing an ADSL service on the Telstra network pay a fixed cost per month for each user port which varies, depending on the access speed.
"So for metro users, a 256K port costs more than $30, a 512K port even more, and a 1.5M more again," he said.
In addition, ISPs using the Telstra wholesale network must also pay for the link between Telstra and their own network (the AGVC), which is dependent on the aggregated local data from customers in each state.
"This is simply for the data from the customer's computer through the copper to our point of presense (POP)," Malone said.
Both of these prices are determined by Telstra Wholesale.
The ISP then also pays to maintain its own POP, including hardware and servers. Finally, ISPs pay to gain access to the Internet in the rest of the world.
"We pay for the bandwidth from the rest of the world to us, on a variable basis," Malone said.
Although Malone was reluctant to comment on the exact cost per ADSL user, Internode managing director, Simon Hackett, said the A$29.95 price was about A$15 less than what Telstra wholesale customers could do per user -- even when operating on a zero profit margin.
"Matching that A$29.95 per month service would result in a minimum loss to Internode of A$15 per month per customer to deliver that base service," he said.
Malone said an investigation should be undertaken by the ACCC into the new pricing plans, comparing the telco's latest actions to its anti-competitive behavior following the initial launch of ADSL services in Australia in 1999.