December 01, 2005, 10:29 AM — Fon calls itself a movement. It has a manifesto and uses words like solidarity and revolution. The design of Fon's Web site is reminiscent of Soviet propaganda art. Fon comes complete with its own lingo, with participants known as Foneros, Bills, Linuses and Aliens.
Yet behind the brotherly-love imagery are plans for making money, as well as a few question marks.
Fon, an organization launched in Europe in early November, aims to be a global community of people sharing and using each other's Wi-Fi hotspots. "We create a global Wi-Fi cloud out of what used to be disparate hotspots," said Martin Varsavsky, the organization's founder. "We take this Wi-Fi mess and turn it into a Wi-Fi network."
Varsavsky has started several companies in his time including Jazz Telecom SA, the Spanish telecommunications operator, and Ya.com, Spain's Internet content company now owned by T-Online International AG. Beyond his startups, Varsavsky is also active in a number of organizations involved with global social issues, and it is perhaps this side of him that planted the seed for the idea behind Fon.
"Foneros," as those who participate are called, download software onto their Wi-Fi access points or buy an access point with the software from Fon or an ISP. Foneros come in two shades. Those who want to make money are known as Bills, named, of course, after Bill Gates. Those who just want to share their hotspots and use other Foneros' hotspots for free are know as Linuses, after Linus Torvalds, developer of the open-source Linux kernel.
"The Wi-Fi revolution needs both the socialists (the Linuses) and the 'free marketeers' (the Bills)," Varsavsky wrote in his blog.
There's also a third category of people involved, called Aliens. Aliens don't contribute to the network but they pay Foneros to use their hotspots.
An Alien might, for example, sit at a cafe with a laptop and find a Fon hotspot operated by a Fonero. The software on the access point will ask the Alien to pay to use the hotspot. Once a month the Fonero will receive a check or payment to their account from Fon for the Aliens' usage.
Bills cannot use other Fon hotspots unless they pay, like an Alien. Linuses, on the other hand, offer use of their hotspots to other Linuses for free, and in exchange they're allowed to use any Fon hotspot.
Fon is just getting started, with just 100 hotspots around the globe, and the ability to pay or get paid isn't yet available. Following its debut in Europe, Fon plans its official U.S. launch in January, and Varsavsky hopes to launch the pay service soon after. He plans to offer the service at cheaper rates than other commercial hotspot operators. Aliens will pay