April 18, 2001, 10:19 AM — Fifteen consumer groups, led by the American Antitrust Institute (AAI), have sent a letter to Transportation Secretary Norman Y. Mineta urging him to block Orbitz, the joint venture of the country's top airlines, from offering their lowest fares only through the Orbitz Web site.
This is the nonprofit AAI's second letter to the secretary and follows a similar letter from 20 state attorneys general as well as the attorney general of Puerto Rico in January. The letters raise concerns that Orbitz would increase prices and stifle competition.
Orbitz is under investigation by the U.S. Departments of Transportation and Justice for possible antitrust violations.
"Air transportation is at a fundamental decision point, and Orbitz is an important part of that decision," the letter states. "We could very well end up with three major airlines and no independent travel agent industry helping consumers navigate to the best terms and conditions of travel. This would be very different from anything we have ever known, and it bodes poorly for consumers."
Impending airline mergers heighten antitrust concerns, since the airline companies involved with Orbitz account for four of every five airline tickets sold in the U.S, said AAI President Albert A. Foer, who signed the letter.
The letter also argues that finding the best prices on air travel depends on "navigators," and that independent navigators such as Expedia Inc., Travelocity.com LP and independent nonelectronic agents may be endangered if Orbitz is exclusively permitted to offer the lowest fares directly from the airlines. Unless those advantages are eliminated, the letter said, the role of independent navigators will be reduced and they may be driven from the market, leaving consumers the option of buying their tickets directly from the airlines or from their travel agencies, which would be aligned with its owners' interests rather than consumers'.
In a statement, Orbitz general counsel Gary Doernhoefer said his company's competitors are funding a campaign to block the site.
"Unfortunately, the American Antitrust Institute and others seem to have become victims of this campaign," he said.
"The AAI seems to confuse the issue of proposed airline mergers, which could result in fewer competitors, with the electronic travel distribution channel, where there has been a lack of price competition for years. In doing so, the AAI fails to recognize the consumer and marketplace benefits of adding a new Internet entrant designed to provide the first new competition to Computer Reservation Systems since the 1970s," he said.