At West TeleServices, Duros chose to build a new Active Directory tree in parallel with NDS rather than attempt a complete migration. (Coexistence is indeed possible: Novell offers its DirXML tool for synchronizing NDS with Active Directory.) Duros says he wasn't particularly happy with the NDS tree and he wanted to re-evaluate network permissions.
But at the DSHS, the existing NDS tree structure was merely "cleaned up" when it was transferred to Active Directory -- and the NetWare administrators were given control over that part of the tree, says Frost.
Another problem typically encountered in any Windows 2000 migration involves applications. "Most [Windows] applications are compatible," says Duros, "but we ran into some 'gotchas' with homegrown apps."
One step at a time
IT managers with NetWare-to-Windows 2000 migration projects still in the planning phases may take some comfort in knowing that none of the companies Computerworld interviewed had encountered any major problems, and all expected a reasonably uneventful -- though slow and painstaking -- move. In the end, it seems, slow and steady wins the race. "By taking it in a phased approach, we avoided a lot of pain," says Duros, who now has 1,000 users on Windows 2000 and Active Directory. "Department by department, small steps -- resolve your issues and move on."