New 27-inch Core i5 iMac/3.1GHz speed results

On Tuesday, Apple released an updated line of iMacs, featuring quad-core Sandy Bridge Intel processors and Thunderbolt ports. Macworld Lab has all four standard configuration models, and the results for the $1999 27-inch iMac are in. The results do not disappoint, with the new iMac besting the previous generation of standard-configuration iMacs. The new 3.1GHz iMac even bested the performance of some impressively-equipped build-to-order models we've tested previously.

The $1999 iMac was the first to arrive in our lab and the first to be tested. At the heart of this iMac is a 3.1GHz Core i5 quad-core processor. This iMac also has a 1TB 7200-rpm hard drive, and AMD Radeon HD 6970M graphics with 1GB of video memory.

Our overall system performance test suite, Speedmark 6.5, shows the new system to be 16% faster than the previous high-end standard configuration iMac, a 27-inch 2.8GHz Core i5 quad-core model with a 1TB 7,200-rpm hard drive, and ATI Radeon HD 5750 graphics with 1GB of dedicated RAM. (Apple considered the older 27-inch 2.8GHz Core i5 iMac a BTO option, but the online Apple Store didn't treat it like one, so we decided to treat it like a standard configuration model.)

In our iTunes encode test, the new iMac was 22% faster than the 27-inch 2.8GHz Core i5 iMac. The new iMac was also 18% faster in our Handbrake test, 20% faster in the Cinebench graphics test, 21% faster in the Cinebench CPU test, and 16% faster in our MathematicaMark tests.

Like the older 27-inch 2.8GHz Core i5 iMac, all of the new standard-configuration iMacs support Turbo Boost, which can give more processing power to individual cores when needed. And also like the older 27-inch 2.8GHz Core i5 iMac, all of the new standard-configuration iMacs don't have Hyper Threading, a technology that presents the OS with two virtual cores for each physical core.

Comparing the new system to last year's BTO models, we see less of a difference in performance. Just two Speedmark points separate the new 3.1GHz Core i5 iMac from the 2.93GHz Core i7 quad-core BTO iMac. The 2.93GHz model, like all 2010 iMacs, does not use Sandy Bridge processors, but it does support both Hyper Threading and Turbo Boost. In applications such as Cinebench and MathematicaMark, which can take advantage of eight virtual cores, the 2.93GHz BTO iMac outperformed the new 3.1GHz iMac.

Another 2010 BTO model, the 27-inch 3.6GHz Core i5 iMac, used a dual core processor at a faster clock speed. In terms of overall performance, the new standard 3.1GHz Core i5 iMac outperformed the 3.6GHz 2010 BTO iMac by 14%. In applications that make efficient use of four processors (Cinebench, Mathematica, and Handbrake), the new iMac was dominant, finishing 35%, 67% and 42% faster, respectively. In many tasks, however, having faster but fewer processors is an advantage, as can be seen in zipping and unzipping folders, and opening a Word document in Pages.

Compared to the 15-inch 2.2GHz Core i7 quad core MacBook Pro, the new 3.1GHz Core i5 iMac was 10% faster overall, and a few seconds faster in almost all of our individual application tests.

Compared to a recent six-core 3.33GHz Xeon Westmere Mac Pro with 8GB of RAM, the Mac Pro was about 15% faster overall than the new iMac. The iMac was a little faster in the graphics tests and iTunes encode tests, but considerably slower in most tasks, especially MathematicaMark and Cinebench CPU tests.

We're busy testing the other new models, so check back for more benchmarks soon. (The wait for Thunderbolt performance results will be longer, however, as the first few drives announced won't be available until this summer.) We're also working on the full review of the new iMacs.

James Galbraith is Macworld's lab director.

This story, "New 27-inch Core i5 iMac/3.1GHz speed results" was originally published by Macworld.

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