Passwords are the predominant means of securing sensitive data, and that is why there are established best practices defining password policies. Sadly, though--the most critical data is often less secure because Admin passwords function outside of those policies and are rarely changed or updated.
Everyone knows that passwords need to be hard to guess or crack, and should never be shared with others. Granted, not many people follow that guidance--which explains the results from a recent Webroot survey that found four in ten respondents have shared a password with another person in the past year, almost half don't use special characters to create more complex passwords, and 20% use easily guessed information like birth dates or a pet's name.
That is where IT admins and information security professionals come in to establish and enforce security policies. Password policies can ensure that users choose more complex passwords, don't reuse the same passwords over and over, and that passwords are changed on a regular basis to minimize the potential for exposure or compromise. The problem is that nobody is establishing and enforcing those same policies on the IT admins that made them.
The administrative passwords that restrict access to servers, protect the most sensitive company data, and guard critical processes and database transactions are often virtually carved in stone. The password are hard-coded into scripts and macros, making any change a potential nightmare that might require manually modifying the same password information across multiple systems, and possibly bring business to a grinding halt if not executed properly.
Be that as it may, the passwords have to be changed. Any password left static long enough is increasingly prone to inadvertent exposure, guessing, or cracking. IT staff with privileged access come and go, taking that sensitive knowledge with them as well.
There are free tools available that can help IT admins tackle the daunting task. Bulk Password Reset from Netwrix, Reset Local Password Pro, and a host of other freeware and shareware tools exist that can change the admin password en masse on remote systems.
It admins should exercise extreme caution, though, when using such tools. Again, those passwords may be tangled in a complex Web of scripts and custom applications, and if the update is not reflected in those various locations it could have catastrophic results.
The admin password should be updated regularly, but make sure you make the change off-hours--like late at night, or over a weekend or holiday break. Once the password change(s) are implemented, thoroughly test any dependent business processes to make sure everything is still functioning properly.
This story, "Admin passwords: Security's Achilles heel" was originally published by PCWorld.