The 10-Minute Ubuntu Setup

by Kevin Purdy - The next release from Ubuntu, the (relatively) popular Linux desktop operating system, is due out April 29, and it's looking very nice. Want to give it a go? Here's how you can load in the stuff you need--MP3s, DVD playing, and quick settings access--in a matter of minutes.

[ See also: Ubuntu help: Finding answers fast and And the best Linux desktop distro of all is... ]

The easiest way to install Ubuntu, in this humble writer's opinion, is with a USB "thumb" drive. Head to the Get Ubuntu section of Ubuntu's site, then grab the ISO file for the standard desktop (32-bit). You can also grab the 64-bit version if that's the hardware you've got, but beginners should stick with the more evenly-supported 32-bit version. Once you've got the ISO, you can burn it to a CD with an application like ImgBurn or Mac's built-in Disk Utility, but things will move faster with a USB stick. Plug a USB drive into your system, download and double-click UNetBootin, which needs no installation, and select the ISO option to point it at the file you just grabbed, and hit OK to make that thumb drive into an installation disk.

You'll need to run through the installation details yourself--I've previously written a guide at Lifehacker on dual-booting Ubuntu and Windows 7 that may help--but you can also just continue using Ubuntu from a thumb drive to see how it works with your hardware and peripherals. Your system changes won't be saved, but you can try out everything else in this post to get a convenient system running. Alright, then--start the ten-minute timer.

[ Getting started with Linux: Try a live CD version ]

First things first: install the "ubuntu-restricted-extras" package. The easy way to do this is by heading to the "Applications" menu in the upper-left corner, choosing the "Ubuntu Software Center" at the bottom, then typing "ubuntu-restricted-extras" into the search box and hitting "Install" on the relevant result. This gives you all the goodies you enjoy on most modern systems--music codecs, Flash web video, Java applets, Windows fonts--but that don't quite meet the totally open code requirements of Ubuntu's core mission.

Also not in the core mission? Playing DVDs restricted by commercial digital rights management software, which includes just about every DVD you want to watch. Ubuntu makes a package available to read the structure of a DVD, and even installs a script to implement a famous de-crypting system for actually watching them, but relies on you to manually trigger it. So be it. Head to the Applications menu again, hover over Accessories, then select Terminal. Enter this line:

sudo apt-get install libdvdread4 sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

sudo apt-get install libdvdread4 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

You'll be prompted to type in the password you gave when installing, unless you're running off the thumb drive. Do so, and you'll have full DVD reading and playing access.

[ Legalizing Linux DVD Playback: Why Bother? ]

At this point, you can explore most of the web and access most of your media without problems. You could learn how app installation works on your own, and gradually poke around to fix the things you'd like to change, but who has time for that? Open Firefox from the icon right next to your upper-left menus. Head to the web site of Ubuntu Tweak. Click the "Download Now" button on the front page, keep the "Open with" selection, and hit "Install Package" in the app window that pops up. Head to your Applications menu, head down to the new System Tools entry, and select Ubuntu Tweak.

Inside Ubuntu Tweak, there are many worthy sub-sections that make life a lot easier in a new Ubuntu. The Application Center provides lots of popular and neat third-party applications (pretty much any application you're looking for, really) as one-click installs. Also worth peeking at are Desktop Icon Settings, Advanced Power Manager, and, especially, Window Manager Settings, where you can re-arrange the newly Mac-like, left-hand window button controls if you simply do not like them.

Now that you're set up with some basics, you can learn how the rest of the system works over time, knowing that your complete Van Halen collection, your West Wing DVDs, and Google Earth are all accessible, should you need comforting when the answers seem hazy.

Kevin Purdy is a senior editor at Lifehacker, a daily technology and productivity blog.

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