Egypt has the most market potential among emerging providers of global IT services, according to a recent study by the London School of Economics Outsourcing Unit.
The report, "Beyond BRIC," was commissioned by the Information Technology Industry Development Agency of Egypt. But the authors, who compared data on costs, infrastructure, skills and other factors among 14 offshoring up-and-comers, say that Egypt has a good cultural connection with the West, strong language skills, good positioning as a partner with other offshore leaders like India, and convenience for European businesses.
The study compares Egypt to Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Belarus, Morocco, Tunisia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Venezuela, Vietnam, and the Philippines. [Don't miss The 25 Most Dangerous Cities for Offshore Outsourcing.]
Mexico and Costa Rica made a strong showing in the Americas. Czech Republic received the highest marks for both quality of infrastructure (telecommunications, power, transportation, and real estate) and risk attractiveness. Poland ranked the highest in terms of a supportive environment for fostering and outsourcing, including government backing, compatibility with the prevailing business culture, quality of life, and accessibility. (For the top countries in six categories of global sourcing advantages, see the lists below.)
The report was based on the LSE Outsourcing Unit's database of 1,000 global sourcing IT studies from 1993 to 2009; a survey of 18 global sourcing analysts; and interviews with more than 50 client organizations, suppliers and analysts.
Report co-author Leslie Wilcocks was surprised by the sheer number of countries--more than 120--eager to develop their business and IT services industries as well as the dynamics of the global sourcing landscape. "Things change quickly--cost, skills availability, political environment," says Wilcocks, a professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
IT clients are willing to take on the additional risk that accompanies offshoring to an emerging market in their "constant search for lower costs, skills pools, secure location, and good service," Wilcocks says. Outsourcing buyers are eager to spread their outsourcing portfolio across several geographies to ensure continuity of service, Wilcocks adds, and the increased availability of global sourcing analysis and improving capabilities around the world make that possible.
But there's little chance that India will lose its status as the global IT services powerhouse any time in the foreseeable future. Outsourcing customers are seeking to supplement the services they purchase from India, not replace them.
"Some [countries], like Egypt, are looking to partner and work with Indian companies, and all are looking to be competitive in specific areas," says Wilcocks.
Few emerging markets can match India's scale. China could take India on, but the LSE research revealed that most organizations remain wary of China as a provider of IT and business process services due to language issues, cultural barriers, and intellectual property concerns. Although the Chinese government is actively seeking to address these issues, emerging markets--especially those in the Asia Pacific region--can compete with China by differentiating themselves in the areas where China is weakest, the study notes. "The successful ones may well find good niches," says Wilcocks. "And some, a scaled offering."
Availability of Skills (labor pool with required skills and vendor landscape)
Cost Attractiveness (labor, infrastructure and taxes)
4. Mexico, Romania and Tunisia (tie)
IT/BPO Environment (government backing, compatibility with the prevailing business culture, quality of life and accessibility)
2. Philippines and Romania (tie)
3. Egypt and Mexico (tie)
Quality of Infrastructure (telecommunications, power, transportation and real estate)
1. Czech Republic
3. Costa Rica
5. Philippines and Slovakia (tie)
Risk Attractiveness (personal security, disruptive events, regulatory risks, macroeconomic risks and intellectual property protection)
1. Czech Republic
2. Poland and Slovakia
3. Costa Rica
Market Potential (a country's future attractiveness as an offshore location for IT and business services)
This story was edited by Shawna McAlearney. Follow me on Twitter @ms_shawna
Follow everything from CIO.com on Twitter @CIOonline