System state backups and restores in Windows 2000

Have you ever been in the situation where a recent change to the

registry or the installation of a new hardware driver caused your server

to become unstable? If so, then you may want to schedule a periodic

system state backup using the backup utility included with Windows 2000.

A system state backup backs up critical configuration and system files


- The boot files

- The COM+ class registration database

- The registry

- The system volume (SYSVOL)

- Active Directory (NTDS) (for Active Directory Domain Controllers)

To run a system state backup, you must start the backup utility by

clicking on Start\Programs\Accessories\System Tools\Backup.

Next, you will click on the backup tab, and then under my computer, you

will see an item titled "system state" (see Figure 1). By checking this

option, you will backup the above-mentioned system and configuration

files. After choosing, "system state" you will want to change the path

where the system state backup is going to be stored. You can store the

backup in a local file or a file on a remote file server. I would

recommend putting it on a central file server somewhere on your network,

that way it is available in the event that you have trouble accessing

the system.

Figure 1

After you have completed the above steps, click on "start backup" and

choose the appropriate options for your backup (see Figure 2). I would

choose to "replace the data on the media with this backup". In

addition, I would choose the "Schedule" option and setup a regular

backup job that backs up the system state on a reasonable basis. After

finalizing your selections, click start, and your backup will be


Figure 2

Make sure you secure the backup files, because the data contained in

this file is critical to your systems security as well as its integrity.

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