Go far enough back into the history of online communities and you're bound to find a group with a pretty silly name. The Cult of the Dead Cow was a hacking collective that began in a Texas slaughterhouse back in the 1980s. The group had a definite political bent, and Omega, one of its early members, coined the term "hacktivist" in an email to the group in 1996; a subgroup called Hacktivismo spun off in 1999. The cDc had a definite vision for the ideology, though: no network sabotage, DDoS attacks, or anything that could prevent people from communicating or exercising their rights to free speech. Their successors have had no such qualms, however.