In taking the wraps off iOS 7 at this week's Worldwide Developer Conference, Apple CEO Tim Cook called it the most significant overhaul of Apple's mobile operating system since the company got into the smartphone business back in 2007. The Alabama-born Cook isn't just whistling Dixie: iOS 7 is a dramatic re-invention of its mobile software that goes beyond mere additions and enhancements. Apple is changing the very look of iOS itself.
Something as different as iOS 7 is going to raise questions. Fortunately, we have some answers. While there's still much to be learned about the new OS between now and its arrival later this year, we can still provide an overview based on what we've seen and heard so far from Apple.
What's the biggest change with iOS 7?
Where to begin? The entire look and feel of the system has been overhauled, with flatter icons, less skeumorphism, and thinner typefaces. That said, anybody who's used iOS will probably feel mostly at home: Apple hasn't changed the home screen much, and the basic gestures and interactions are largely the same, with a few new exceptions.
So how is the new look different from the old look?
How did you feel about green felt? Wood bookshelves? Stitched leather? I hope the answer is "not great," because they're all gone in iOS 7. Instead they've been replaced with a new cleaner design that's largely about simple lines and icons. While there are elements reminiscent of Microsoft's recent Windows Phone design, iOS 7 clearly has its own distinct style. These aren't just subtle enhancements either; they permeate every bit of the interface.
iOS 7 also takes design cues from your content too, tinting controls and panels with the colors from the photos behind them. Apple's Jony Ive spoke about layering the interface, with panels such as Notification Center and Control Center visually residing "on top" of apps and the iOS home screen.
Will the new design mean I have to completely relearn how to use my phone?
Not really. Launching and using apps is largely the same. But there will be some new things to learn. For example, you can now swipe up from the bottom of the screen to summon Control Center (a handy panel that gives you access to many of your most commonly-used system features). There's another new swipe-from-the-left-edge gesture that means "go up a level" when you're in Mail, for example.
But, as Apple's Craig Federighi described it, it's a bit like getting a new phone that you already know how to use.
When will iOS 7 be available?
Apple says the updated iOS arrives in the fall, which has become something of a standard for iOS releases. iOS 6 arrived last September, while iOS 5 made its debut in October 2012. (Before that, both iOS and the phones that it powered were on a summer release schedule.)
When iOS 7 becomes available, we expect you'll be able to upgrade the same way you could with iOS 6--either downloading the updated OS via iTunes or by taking advantage of iOS's over-the-air updating capabilities to pluck the new version out of the ether.
What devices will support iOS 7?
If you're looking to update to iOS 7 when it lands in the fall, you'll need to have one of these devices: the iPhone 4 or later; iPad 2 or later; iPad mini; or fifth-generation iPod touch. (And, of course, whatever new mobile hardware Apple releases between now and iOS 7's official launch, but why count our iOS devices before they're hatched?)
Specific features have more stringent device requirements (see below for details on these features):
- Panoramic photos are only available on the iPhone 4S or later and fifth-generation iPod touch.
- You can't shoot square photos or video using the iPad 2; all other devices can use this feature, however.
- For the nifty new live camera filters, you'll need an iPhone 5 or fifth-generation iPod touch. Putting filters on after the fact in the Photos app is an option for the iPhone 4 or later, third-generation iPad or later, iPad mini, and fifth-generation iPod touch.
- To AirDrop a photo or other file to your friends, you'll need an iPhone 5 or later, fourth-generation iPad or later, iPad mini, or fifth-generation iPod touch. You'll also need an iCloud account.
- Siri continues to be limited to those using an iPhone 4S or later; third-generation iPad or later; iPad mini; and fifth-generation iPod touch. It also may not be available for your country. And if it's a new Siri voice you desire, keep in mind that it'll only be available initially in English, French, or German.
What is this Control Center thing? How is it different from Notification Center?
If you've ever grumbled to yourself while navigating three levels deep into Settings to turn off Bluetooth, you're going to love Control Center. This new panel, which you can summon anywhere in iOS by swiping up from the bottom of the screen, gives you easy access to common settings, including Airplane Mode, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Do Not Disturb, Orientation Lock, Brightness, AirDrop, and AirPlay. There are also media playback controls, and icons at the bottom enable you to launch frequently used apps and utilties: You can turn on the iPhone's camera flash to use as a flashlight, or open the Clock, Calculator, or Camera apps. But it's not to be confused with Notification Center...
Did Notification Center change?
It definitely received some overhauls. While you still summon it by swiping down from the top of the screen, Notification Center has a new translucent look, like much of the rest of the OS, and offers some different information. In addition to storing your notifications, as it did in previous version of iOS, it also offers a tab where you can view only your missed notifications, as well as a new Today view.
The latter acts a little bit like Google's Google Now feature, providing you an overview of what you have to do today, including the current weather forecast, upcoming appointments on your calendar, stock quotes, and even a quick paragraph about what kind of day you have tomorrow.
What's up with multitasking in iOS 7?
You can still switch apps by double-clicking the Home button, but the interface for doing so has changed: It now resembles the old interface for switching pages in Safari on iOS 6 and before, where you see a thumbnail of the page. A row of app icons still appears below, and you can swipe back and forth to find the app that you're looking for. Force-quitting apps is a little different though: Instead of tapping and holding on the icon, you flick a thumbnail up to dismiss it.
Behind the scenes, there are other, more significant differences. In iOS 4 and later, only certain tasks could run in the background (in order to save battery life). In iOS 7, we finally get full multitasking. So any app can run in the background, providing you with up-to-the-minute information as soon as you switch to it.
If any app can run in the background, what about battery life?
Apple's spent a lot of time making sure that battery life won't suffer from the new multitasking. It tries to collect updates from different apps and run them all at the same time, and keeps an eye on both power efficiency and the current network situation to make sure it doesn't run down your battery.
What's new with the Camera?
Like the rest of iOS 7, Camera's gotten a significant overhaul. It offers four different modes: standard camera, video camera, a square camera, and panorama; you can swipe back and forth between them. If you think that square camera might be Apple's way of taking a shot at Instagram, congratulations: You're spot on. The app also now includes different live photo filters that you can apply to your still or square shots. They're even non-destructive, in case you want to remove them later.
What are Moments and Collections?
For those of us that end up with thousands of pictures in our Camera Rolls, Moments and Collections offer a better way to organize those photos. Just as iPhoto on the Mac can automatically break pictures into events, Photos on iOS can use metadata like time and location to create different "Moments"--all the pictures you took on Thursday at dinner, for example, or all the photos you snapped while on that weekend trip to the country. Collections are larger groupings of Moments--often all the photos you took in a general area (around your house) during a time period of often several months. Beyond that you can zoom out even further to a Years view that breaks down all the pictures you took in various (you guessed it) years.
So iOS 7 has AirDrop?
It does! AirDrop in iOS 7 lets you exchange files like pictures, Passbook passes, and contacts between two iOS users over Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, without any configuration and (as Apple's Craig Federighi pointed out) without the need to walk around and "bump" phones with people. AirDrop appears in the Share sheet, along with more conventional items like Mail and Messages; you can even use it to share multiple items to multiple people at once. Files end up right in the appropriate app and are encrypted during transmission. You can also change permissions to determine whether everybody can share with you, or only certain people nearby (or people in your contacts).
What we don't know is whether or not iOS devices will be able to AirDrop files back and forth with Macs.
What's new with Safari?
Apple's Web browser--which the company likes to point out is the most used browser for mobile devices--has some new tricks up its sleeve in iOS 7. There's a entirely new minimalist interface: The search and URL fields have been merged into one, which will now suggest URLs, bookmarks, and search results as you type. In addition, your favorites are quickly and easily available from that screen, allowing you one-touch access to your bookmarked sites. And the interface disappears into the background as you scroll, giving you even more space with which to view your content.
A new tab interface lets you scroll more quickly through open pages (and continue scrolling down to iCloud Tabs); there are also the same continuous-scrolling Reading List and Shared Links features that will appear in OS X Mavericks. And iCloud Keychain, a new feature that syncs your passwords between your devices and even helps you generate new passwords, should work seamlessly Safari.
Wait, isn't iTunes Radio basically Pandora?
More or less, yes. But that doesn't mean that it won't be plenty popular. As in Pandora, you can create stations based on a song, artist, or genre, then rate the songs as you go along, in case you want to hear more like that track, or never want to hear anything like that track again. You can also control the balance of your stations, determining whether they're hit-heavy, favor new music discovery, or opt for a mix of the two. A history tab gives you a full list of all the songs you've listened to, just in case you can't remember the name of that one track that had you grooving along.
But Apple's new streaming service has the additional benefit of being closely tied in with the rest of the iTunes ecosystem, meaning that you can easily buy songs from the iTunes Store, directly from within iTunes Radio.
Is iTunes Radio the only change in the Music app?
Most of the rest of the changes are cosmetic, it seems, reflecting the new design aesthetic of iOS 7. Despite the extensive overhaul of iTunes on the Mac that Apple did last year, there didn't seem to be much crossover to iOS--or, if there is, Apple didn't hasn't revealed it yet. In particular, there's no indication that iTunes 11's Up Next feature has jumped to Apple's mobile platform.
Is Siri finally out of beta in iOS 7?
We don't know. Apple's virtual assistant didn't get much screen time in Monday's keynote, and what time it did have in the spotlight was relegated to discussing its new integration features, such as in-Siri results for Bing search, Wikipedia, and Twitter, as well as some new control features for things like iTunes radio. Siri's also got new, high-quality voices (for the U.S. at the moment, but coming soon for other languages) and a fancy new interface--though it doesn't yet have the live-transcription feature that Google recently showed of for its voice search.
Activation Lock: How does this make my iPhone more secure?
Activation Lock's a system whereby a thief who attempts to disable Find My iPhone or wipe the phone won't be able to do so without entering your Apple ID and password. While dedicated hackers may still be able to find a way around it, the hope seems to be that Activation Lock is enough of a deterrent that thieves will think twice before stealing iPhones to sell.
When will iOS in the Car be available? And for what cars?
At the moment, Apple says that a dozen car manufacturers--including Honda, Mercedes, Nissan, Ferrari, Chevrolet, Infiniti, Kia, Hyundai, Volvo, Acura, Opel, and Jaguar--have already signed on to provide support for the new iOS in the Car initiative, which will allow drivers to use the screen in their car to use certain iOS features, including navigation, phone, and entertainment.
So these are the only changes in iOS 7?
Hardly. Apple's Federighi limited himself to previewing just 10 new features at WWDC. But one of the final slides during the iOS 7 sneak peek hinted at many more changes--everything from system improvements to developer APIs. Our own Serenity Caldwell dug into some of the iOS 7 features Apple didn't talk about during its WWDC keynote, and that's a worthwhile read if you'd like greater depth on what Apple has planned for its mobile OS.
We've only mentioned a few of the major changes in iOS 7, and Apple likely has many more hidden up its corporate sleeve.
What's still missing in iOS 7?
There are a few things we hoped iOS 7 would offer that it doesn't yet. For example, the Maps app has no transit directions; Siri doesn't feature live transcription, à la Google's Voice search; Home screen organization doesn't seem to have changed; you can't apparently set third-party apps as defaults for tools like browsers or mail clients; there's no Up Next feature in iTunes; and much more. But hey, that just means there's room for improvement.
This story, "FAQ: everything you need to know about iOS 7" was originally published by Macworld.