An open-source component used to display PDF files on WikiLeaks.org and other websites contains vulnerabilities that could be exploited to launch cross-site scripting (XSS) and content spoofing attacks against visitors.
The vulnerable component is called FlexPaper and is developed by a company called Devaldi, based in New Zealand. The company confirmed the issues, which were first reported Thursday on the WikiLeaks supporters forum, and released FlexPaper 2.3.0 to address them.
However, it seems that the component hasn’t yet been updated on WikiLeaks.org, which was still using FlexPaper 2.1.2 on some pages Tuesday.
The incident comes after Wired reported last week that in 2012 the FBI used a Flash-based component to decloak Tor users and find their real IP (Internet Protocol) addresses in an operation that targeted users of child pornography websites hosted on the Tor network.
Since WikiLeaks’ audience includes a lot of users that value their privacy and anonymity, any vulnerability in the site that could potentially be used to expose their real location is likely to be viewed as a serious threat.
“Given the fact that most browsers use plugins to enable the reading of PDFs, we strongly urge WikiLeaks to link directly to PDF files instead of using third party software that could put users at risk,” said a user named Koyaanisqatsi, who reported the flaws on the WikiLeaks forum.
That’s what WikiLeaks did with two secret documents about travelling through airports using false ID that were allegedly leaked from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. The site published the documents Sunday and directly linked to the PDF files instead of displaying them in an embedded viewer.