January 12, 2011, 12:28 PM — As part of our ongoing coverage on Plug-in Electric Vehicles, PEVs, we have recently published another perspective (Deploying Plug-In Electric Vehicles in Europe: Updates from Germany) on what is happening in Germany, with specific details from a few of the largest German utility sponsored PEV initiatives. This perspective follows several others, including one updating on PEV deployment in Italy (Deploying Electric Vehicles in Europe: Updates from Italy), which we blogged about during the summer.
Besides the German government's wide spread support for PEVs, Germany also promises to be one of the largest European PEV markets by 2020. Germany has declared that it aims to have 1 million PEVs driving its roads by 2020. In order to reach this target, the German government has allocated $700 million for research and demonstration of EV projects, including PEV projects.
Some of the largest projects are being driven by many German utilities. The German government is also pushing its automotive manufacturers and other relevant manufacturers to go in this direction. In fact, Germany has some of the world's most aggressive PEV manufacturers, including Daimler Smart (i.e., ForTwo EV), BMW (i.e., Mini-E), and Volkswagen (i.e., Audi A2). Nonautomotive manufacturers active in the PEV market include Siemens, for charging infrastructure, and Mennekes, for plugs and sockets. The three projects reviewed in our perspective include those of German utilities, RWE, E.ON, and Energie Baden-Württemberg (EnBW). Here are some quick facts about each project:
RWE: eMobility Project -
* In September 2008, RWE partnered with German automotive company Daimler. Daimler is providing more than 100 Smart Fortwo PEVs, as well as the vehicle service. The Smart Fortwo PEVs are equipped with a lithium-ion battery that require just three hours of charging to drive the daily average of 50km to 60km. RWE is handling the development, installation, and operation of the charging infrastructure accounting for some 500 charging points, the supply of electricity, and central control of the system. The charging points will be installed at the customer's home, at the workplace, and in public parking areas. The RWE-Daimler partnership decided to adopt the Mennekes plug and socket for its vehicles which is based on the IEC 62196-1 protocol.
E.ON: eMoving Project -
* E.ON is currently testing four plug-in EV manufacturers, Volkswagon, BMW, Peugeot, and Audi.