The Internet Society's principles might sound like common sense to some, "however they aren't that commonplace in the context of traditional intellectual property rights discussions," said Konstantinos Komaitis, policy adviser at the group and the paper's author.
"Arguably, the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement and the Stop Online Piracy Act suffered in part because the process to develop those policies did not take these principles on board," he said in an email, naming specifically transparency, inclusiveness and the respect for global interoperability.
"We are hopeful that these principles will help shape further discussions related to IP," he added.
ACTA is an agreement to create new IP enforcement standards that go beyond current international law, while SOPA was a controversial U.S. bill to combat online copyright infringement and the trafficking of counterfeit goods. SOPA was scrapped by its sponsors in early 2012 after online protests.