November 27, 2012, 3:50 PM — WASHINGTON - For a second time in as many months, U.S. House Republicans will try to win approval of legislation to issue up to 55,000 so STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) visas to students who earn advanced degrees at U.S. universities.
A vote may come by the end of this week.
The STEM visa bill has a good chance of passage because this time the legislation will only require a simple majority. Its chances of winning passage in the Senate and making it to the president's desk are less certain.
In September, U.S. Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas), the bill sponsor and head of the judiciary committee, brought up the STEM visa bill on a suspension calendar, which required a two-thirds vote, or about 290 ayes, for approval. It came up short, 257 to 158 because of Democratic opposition.
The bill that Smith is reintroducing is largely the same bill as the previous version, but with a few changes.
The bill allows unused STEM green cards made available in fiscal year 2013, which began Oct. 1, through 2016, to be rolled over in future years. The previous version didn't include a roll-over provision.
The new legislation makes it easier for families to stay in the U.S. while they wait for a green card. Under current law, if someone were to receive a STEM visa and then got married, their spouse will likely have wait outside the U.S., potentially for years, for a green card.
A new provision makes a V visa available to spouses and minor children of STEM visa holders, allowing spouses to live in the U.S. while they pursue permanent residency, but they won't be authorized to work.
A provision in the bill that eliminates the diversity lottery remains unchanged. It repurposed the 55,000 visas issued through that lottery to create STEM visas, which Democrats opposed last time.
The Republicans didn't want to increase immigration overall, which underpinned their argument for eliminating the visa lottery. Democrats opposed elimination of the diversity visa, and also claimed the bill would actually reduce immigration because of the absence of a visa roll-over provision, something addressed in the bill's post-election changes.
There is support on both sides for a STEM visa bill. Democratic Rep. Zoe Lofgren, who represents Silicon Valley, introduced her own bill with a similar goal, but it was broader in many ways.