In October, a federal judge threw out a class action lawsuit against Google, ruling that the users who brought the case could not prove that Google's tracking practices caused them harm, the Wall Street Journal reported at the time.
In November though, Google settled a case for US$17 million that was brought by U.S. state attorneys who accused the company of circumventing cookie-blocking defaults in the Safari browser. In August 2012, Google also paid a $22.5 million civil penalty to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for Safari tracking violations.
Loek is Amsterdam Correspondent and covers online privacy, intellectual property, open-source and online payment issues for the IDG News Service. Follow him on Twitter at @loekessers or email tips and comments to email@example.com