November 27, 2003, 12:00 AM — It hasn't been a happy couple of years for Sun Microsystems. Sitting
atop the dot-com world not that long ago, Sun's SPARC-based servers
running the Solaris operating system ruled the roost. Today, they are
being crushed in the marketplace by Intel-powered servers from HP, IBM,
and Dell. Why? Linux. That's why.
Combative as ever, Sun founder and CEO Scott McNealy, has been running
around for years, beating up on Windows and, by extension, servers
founded on Intel processor technology. "Run your spreadsheet on Windows,
but run your business on Solaris," he was fond of saying. And for a
time, he was spot on. Windows NT Server, was never really a good choice
for extreme high-volume, transaction-driven environments. Sun servers
were the darling of Net retailers and financial-services organizations,
including Wall Street traders.
But the economics have changed and the technology has matured. Windows
2000 Server, in its various flavors, was seen as robust enough for many
intensive applications. Intel-based servers grew in power as their
out-of-pocket prices dropped. They were the so-called "WinTel" duopoly.
Storage became laughably inexpensive. And Linux. Yes, Linux. The free
operating system that was never really free became, at first, a
curiosity, and then was wholeheartedly embraced by IT as a legitimate
alternative to Windows - after we all saw that it really worked.
Suddenly, SPARC-based Sun servers running Solaris started losing cachet.
And as we all know, mindshare is at least as important as market share.
Believe a popular solution is no longer an unassailable choice (NetWare,
WordPerfect, OS/2, MicroChannel, et. al.) and the inevitable death
spiral quickly ensues.
So what does Sun do to avoid being eclipsed and rendered superfluous?
At Comdex in Las Vegas last week, Sun's McNealy took to the stage with
Hector Ruiz, CEO of AMD, purveyor of Intel-compatible processors. Here
are two companies that have been taking a lot of lumps lately. I've
wondered over the years how AMD even managed to stay in business. But I
suppose AMD's continued existence keeps Intel from being declared a
total monopoly. That's another column, though.
Sun and AMD announced a partnership that is likely to go after Intel's
Itanium and Microsoft's Windows Server (2000 and 2003) platforms in the
SMB market, reaching to the low end of the enterprise. Sun will
manufacture servers based on AMD's 64-bit Opteron processor platform.
These servers will run Linux or Solaris and are intended to make 64-bit
computing backward compatible with 32-bit applications, something the
two companies say is not possible with Intel's Itanium processor.
You've got to admit, this is a gutsy move. I see AMD as the real
beneficiary in that its processors will be taken more seriously than in
the past. For Sun, this move to Intel processor compatibility was
probably a hard pill to swallow.