Running Windows Apps Under Linux, Part 3: Advice on installing and configuring four useful emulators

By Richard Sharpe, ITworld |  How-to

Currently, bochs can be compiled to emulate a 386, 486, or Pentium CPU.
Bochs is capable of running most operating systems inside the
emulation, including Linux, Windows 95, DOS, and recently Windows NT
4." It was developed by Kevin Lawton.

I have not downloaded or installed it, but mention it here as it may be
an alternative for those running Linux on hardware other than Intel
compatibles.

While Bochs is commercial software, the source is available on the
Bochs Website (see Resources for a link), as are complete instructions
for downloading and installing it. Installation of Bochs itself will be
moderately complex for most people, as you must build the software from
sources. Also, installation of an operating system under Bochs appears
to be much more difficult than any of the other alternatives mentioned.

Conclusion
Well, there you are. I found four alternative ways of running Windows
programs under Linux. Wine, Win4Lin, and VMware are all very well
advanced, and the one you choose will depend on your needs.

If you only occasionally run Windows programs, Wine is the perfect
choice for you. However, if you need to run a large range of Windows
programs and need a more faithful Windows environment but can live with
Windows 9x, then Win4Lin is likely to be the choice for you, especially
if your budget is tight. On the downside, Win4Lin is much more
complicated to install.

If your needs include running Windows NT or Windows 2000, or you need
Windows applications that require Microsoft Windows Networking, then
you will want to use VMware. If you are a student or hobbyist, then the
USD99 is not too much of a jump over Win4Lin. The commercial use price
of USD299 seems somewhat steep, but then VMware provides much extra
functionality.

If you run Windows on a platform such as Alpha, Power PC, or Sparc,
your only choice is Bochs.

A word of warning is appropriate, though. Windows is licensed software,
and you must ensure that you have the appropriate licenses before
running it in most of the ways mentioned above.

In future articles, we will explore the issues around backing up files
in a mixed environment as well as how to set up file sharing between
Linux and Windows, Network troubleshooting from Windows and Linux, and
so on. I welcome your input on new topics to explore since your
experience is likely to be as varied as mine.

Oh, and by the way, I am now determined to transfer all that Eudora
mail to a Linux-based mail client. Perhaps I'll write a future article
on mail clients that run under Windows and Linux, and allow you to
access mail from either environment.

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