Again, that points to the solution provided by a Cloud Broker, which brokers the different connections and essentially smoothes over the differences between them. This means organizations can use various services together. In situations where there is something relatively commoditized like storage as a service, they can be used interchangeably. This solves the issue of what to do if a Cloud Provider becomes unreliable or goes down and means the organization can spread the usage across different providers. In fact, organizations should not have to get into the technical weeds of being able to understand or mitigate between different interfaces. They should be able to move up a level where they are using the Cloud for the benefits of saving money.
For CSOs focused on SaaS, PaaS and IaaS
Challenge #5: Protect your API Keys
Many Cloud services are accessed using simple REST Web Services interfaces. These are commonly called "APIs", since they are similar in concept to the more heavyweight C++ or Java APIs used by programmers, though they are much easier to leverage from a Web page or from a mobile phone, hence their increasing ubiquity. "API Keys" are used to access these services. These are similar in some ways to passwords. They allow organizations to access the Cloud Provider. For example, if an organization is using a SaaS offering, it will often be provided with an API Keys. The protection of these keys is very important.
Consider the example of Google Apps. If an organization wishes to enable single sign-on to their Google Apps (so that their users can access their email without having to log in a second time) then this access is via API Keys. If these keys were to be stolen, then an attacker would have access to the email of every person in that organization.
The casual use and sharing of API keys is an accident waiting to happen. Protection of API Keys can be performed by encrypting them when they are stored on the file system, or by storing them within a Hardware Security Module (HSM).
Conclusion: Homemade or Off-the-shelf?