What it covers: Enacted on January 19, 2009, PSQIA establishes a voluntary reporting system to enhance the data available to assess and resolve patient safety and health care quality issues. To encourage the reporting and analysis of medical errors, PSQIA provides federal privilege and confidentiality protections for patient safety information, which includes information collected and created during the reporting and analysis of patient safety events.
These confidentiality provisions are intended to improve patient safety outcomes by creating an environment where providers may report and examine patient safety events without fear of increased liability risk. The Office of Civil Rights administers and enforces the confidentiality protections provided to PSWP. The Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality administers the provisions dealing with PSOs.
Who is affected: Healthcare providers, patients and individuals/entities that report medical errors or other patient safety events.
Link to the law: http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-27475.pdf
* Subpart A: Defines essential terms, such as patient safety work product (information collected and created during the reporting and analysis of patient safety events), patient safety evaluation system and patient safety organizations (PSO).
* Subpart B: Provides the requirements for listing PSOs. These entities offer their expert advice in analyzing the patient safety events and other information they collect or develop to provide feedback and recommendations to providers.
* Subpart C: Describes the privilege and confidentiality protections that attach to patient safety work product and the exceptions to the protections.
* Subpart D: Establishes a framework to enable HHS to monitor and ensure compliance with the confidentiality provisions, a process for imposing a civil money penalty for breach of the confidentiality provisions, and hearing procedures.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, The Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality
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