• The International Telecommunication Union: a United Nations agency whose mission includes, among other things, developing technical standards and providing technical assistance and capacity building to developing countries. The union has also developed technical standards for security and, more recently, engaged in other cybersecurity activities. For example, the union has established a study group for telecommunications security to focus on developing standards and recommendations associated with network and information security, application security, and identity management. Similarly, the union, through its members' efforts, prepared a report on cybersecurity best practices for countries seeking to organize national cybersecurity efforts.
• The International Society of Automation (ISA): a global and nonprofit organization that develops standards for automation. It has developed a series of standards to address security in industrial automation and control systems.
• The American National Standards Institute (ANSI): a U.S. organization that is responsible for coordinating and promoting voluntary consensus-based standards and information sharing to minimize overlap and duplication of U.S. standards-related efforts. In addition, it is the representative of U.S. interests in international standards-developing organizations.
In an earlier report the GAO identified 19 global organizations" whose international activities significantly influence the security and governance of cyberspace."
The organizations range from information-sharing forums that are non-decision-making gatherings of experts to private organizations to treaty-based, decision-making bodies founded by countries. The groups address a variety of topics from incident response, the development of technical standards, the facilitation of criminal investigations to the creation of international policies related to information technology and critical infrastructure, the GAO stated.
From that GAO report a few key influential groups include:
• Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a cooperative economic and trade forum designed to promote economic growth and cooperation among 21 countries from the Asia-Pacific region. APEC's Telecommunication and Information Working Group supports security efforts associated with the information infrastructure of member countries through activities designed to strengthen effective incident response capabilities, develop information security guidelines, combat cybercrime, monitor security implications of emerging technologies, and foster international cybersecurity cooperation.