www.vatican.va was inaccessible for much of Wednesday afternoon and early evening, Italian time, according to the Associated Press.
The attack was in retaliation for the burning of books and heretics during the Inquisition in Spain during the 13 th Century and for more recent scandals involving pedophile priests.
Other complaints touched on the Vatican's opposition to abortion and "daily" interference in Italian political affairs, though these were not detailed.
"This attack is not against the Christian religion or the faithful around the world but against the corrupt Roman Apostolic Church," the main Anonymous site in Italy announced.
The previous attack, in August, 2011, was launched by Anonymi in Mexico and South America, who spent 18 days trying to recruit enough helpers to crank up the attack enough to be successful.
The attack and its failure is detailed in a NYT story and a report from security company Imperva (PDF), which left the Vatican's name out of the report, but confirmed to the Times that the Vatican was indeed the target.
This time, a day after the most shocking betrayal of what followers consider to be a virtuous political and social activist movement, Anonymous appears to have had little trouble recruiting volunteers to throw into the attack.
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